A nation is known for its inclusive culture; Canada is one of the leading economies in the world. The country offers various opportunities for foreign nationals to work and live on its territory. Most foreigners will need a Canada work permit to work in the country, irrespective of the duration of their stay.
However, under a new permit exemption authorized by the Canadian government, foreign citizens coming under certain high-skilled categories of work will be allowed to stay in Canada without a work visa. The duration of this exemption is for a short period of 15 to 30 days. Individuals can exit and re-enter the country during this period. This exemption will be based on the discretion of immigration officials.
Also, foreign citizens who are applying through the Canadian government’s Express Entry program for permanent residency do not need a work permit before crossing Canadian borders. They can apply for jobs while living in the country.
A work permit for Canada is an official authorization granted by the Canadian government to citizens of foreign countries to work and live in the country for a predetermined time period. This legal document allows foreign business people, students, and temporary and permanent workers to engage in paid employment.
Most foreign nationals who wish to work in the country require one of the two kinds of permits granted by the Canadian government.
This permit allows its holder to work for an employer in Canada. Those applying for this type of Canada work permit are required to submit a job offer from a Canadian company or a business registered in Canada.
They also should present the location of the employment, its duration, and the name of the employer, along with a copy of the labor market impact assessment (LMIA), which will be provided by the employer. The applicants should also demonstrate their intention to return to their home country after the validity of the work permit ends and should have enough funds to sustain themselves during their stay.
Canada is a country with stringent immigration policies with regard to criminal and medical admissibility. So, the applicants must prove that they do not come under these categories.
For this permit, the applicants need not submit an offer letter. They can work for any registered employer in the country with this. To be eligible for a Canadian open work permit, the applicants must meet certain criteria, such as the following:
If the applicants wish to bring their dependents, spouse, or family members who are eligible to work in Canada, they can apply for the open work permit in most cases. If they land a job in Canada, their employer should apply for an LMIA. The dependents can also come to Canada on a visitor or a student visa. This later can be converted into a work permit.
In most international recruitments, Canadian employers need to submit an LMIA, a document to show that there is a need to hire a foreigner to do the job and that no Canadian citizen or permanent residency holder can fulfill the position. The employer should apply for an LMIA before giving an offer to an international employee.
This document will be applicable to hiring foreigners under the Canadian government’s temporary foreign worker and global talent stream programs. While the former allows employers to compensate for the shortage in the labor force by hiring international workers, the latter helps in getting highly skilled talent.
Canadian province Quebec enjoys a certain autonomy in immigration rules. The province has been granted some relaxation in hiring foreign employees through a program called facilitated LMIA. Under this program, the wage of foreign employees determines whether the employer needs to file for an LMIA.
Employers are also exempt from submitting proof of an advertisement for the positions offered to foreign staff under facilitated LMIA. A facilitated LMIA should be approved by both the provincial and federal governments, and as a result, the process takes a little longer than the general LMIA.
Foreigners planning to work in the country have to apply for a Canadian work permit visa or an Electronic Travel Authorization. The application process varies depending on the type of permit. The application is processed online, and foreigners are generally excluded from submitting biometric details while applying.
The documents can differ based on the type of permit. The immigration authorities generally ask the applicants to submit the following documents:
The Canada visa or eTA and the work permits will be issued at the same time, and there is no separate fee for work permits.
Yes, foreign nationals living in the country on a Canadian work permit can bring their spouse, children, common-law partners, and other family members. The applicants must be over 18 years old and should have financial means to support the family members during their stay. If the applicant is living in Canada on a work permit and his/her family members want to engage in paid employment, they need to apply for a permit to work or study in Canada.
Once a foreign national is granted Canadian citizenship or permanent residency, he/she can sponsor the family members. The family members should not be criminally or medically inadmissible to Canada.
The applicant can stay in Canada on various conditions once their Canadian work permit expires. It’s highly encouraged to apply for a new work permit for Canada at least 30 days before the expiry of the current permit. If they do so, they can stay in Canada till the process is completed and can maintain their status.
If the person is applying for the new permit after the original one expires, he/she can stay in Canada till the time allowed by the immigration officials. This is only if the applicant applies for the new permit within 90 days after the expiry of the original permit.
However, the applicant must stop working until his permit is restored. The immigration law in the country does not guarantee the restoration of the Canada work permit. In such cases, the applicant must leave the country, or he/she will be deported.
Still, have some questions? Contact the Canadian embassy in your home country for up-to-date details. You can also visit Natvisa.com, and our expert team will help you out.